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Migration tips: How to Migrate Magento 1 to Magento 2

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It’s been one of the biggest changes in the development world in 2020: Magento — the iconic eCommerce system  — is retiring, with no more support for the platform moving forward.

There are a huge number of Magento 1 users who are now facing the same challenge: migration to Magento 2. We unpack the differences in the systems, why Magento 2 is worth the effort, and how you can tackle the challenges with migration.

Magento 1 vs Magento 2

Magento 2 was first released in 2015, but there are reasons Magento 1 users didn’t move to the new version until now. Magento 2 is a different system and has major changes across Architecture, Security, SEO, Performance, and UI — the key concerns of any eCommerce business. But the changes of Magento 2 are extremely beneficial — here’s why.

Architecture

Magento 2 supports the latest version of PHP, and some cutting edge tech stacks have been added to this system, including Composer, Symfony, and Nginx. Support HTML5/CSS3 natively. One of the most obvious improvements between the two programs is that API becomes a core technology in Magento 2, which makes the integration and scalability much easier.

REST API enhances the competition strength of Magento 2 against other platforms. The added Frontend framework (LESS, jQuery) also keeps the tech stack of the system up-to-date. Conflict extension is not an issue any more on Magento 2 due to it allowing extension codes to overlap the core instead of overriding it — a big step forward.

Performance

Thanks to the new system architecture, Magento 2 has up to 25% faster page load than Magento 1, up to 66% quicker response time for add to cart, and up to 55% faster checkout. This will undoubtedly help order numbers grow rapidly.

SEO

Magento 2 provides more SEO-friendly functionality such as Meta Title and Description settings. This ensures that eCommerce businesses using Magento can make full use of the SEO capabilities of the site.

Security

Security is always a key concern when users choose an eCommerce platform. Magento 2 now offers two-factor authentication, a unique admin URL, and a dynamic backup plan, which are all major improvements in this area.

UI

A good UI leads to better user experience and Magento 2 now provides a responsive admin panel which achieves more user-friendliness.

Magento 2 Migration Issues

Given all the new benefits of the platform, it’s wise to migrate from Magento 1 to 2, especially given that support for Magento 1 has already ended.

So, how should you kick off your migration? Ensuring your store doesn’t break during the move is critical. Fortunately, the Official Magento Migration Documentation has been provided to clearly guide you through.

However, there are some challenges you may face. Here are our top four tips to ensure a smooth migration.

Theme compatibility

It’s not recommended to directly migrate your theme from Magento 1 to Magento 2. In some cases, users may be lucky enough that their Magento 1 theme supports 2 as well, however, most of the time, you’ll need to build a custom theme in Magento 2 and manually do the migration. While this creates extra work for you, you could consider this the right time to give your brand a refresh and overhaul.

Extension compatibility

It’s also important to know the extensions used in Magento 1 are not compatible with Magento 2. Unfortunately, there is no quick fix here. You’ll need to find new replacement extensions moving into Magento 2. You can also use this as an opportunity to remove any unnecessary data in your system.

Custom code compatibility

Due to the change in database structure, any custom code you had on Magento 1 may not work on Magento 2. We recommend reviewing the compatibility of your custom code with a tool such as Code Migration Toolkit, which can assist you for custom code migration. Despite these tools being a great asset, you still may need to do some adjustments manually.

Media file migration

Media files need to be migrated manually, and an official document has been provided to guide you on how to do a manual migration.

Why migrate to Magento 2?

With Magento 1 no longer supported, it’s time to make the switch. Although it’s not an easy process and there are time-consuming efforts that need to be undertaken, it is worth investing in this migration.

If you need assistance with your migration, the tech experts at Pounce are always here to help. Drop us a line, and we’ll show you how to get started.

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